## Pressure: The Different Pressure Measured in Engineering

The Intensity of Pressure at any point in a Fluid is the same in all direction, when it is at rest. This is the basic rule in hydraulic

**. There are***engineering**you had come accross in engineering out of that here you will find most important one.***different pressures**

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*01) Atmospheric Pressure*It is established that theAirpossesses some Weight and due to its Weight, Air must exert some Pressure on the Surface of the Earth. The Density ofAir is differentat different heights due to its property of Compressibility.The Density of Air has also varied from time to time due to change in its Temperature and Humidity. Due to these factors, the Atmospheric Pressure of Air can not be calculated, as is done in case of Liquid.ÂThe Atmospheric Pressure at Sea Level is 1.03 kilogram/centimeter square. It can also be expressed as 10.3 meters ofwater, in terms of equivalent Water Column or 76 centimeter of Mercury in terms of equivalent Mercury Column.

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*02) Gauge Pressure*It is the Pressure measured byPressure Measuring Instruments. The Atmospheric Pressure on the Gauge Scale is marked as Zero. Actually Gauge Pressure is always above the AtmosphericPressure.

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*03) Absolute Pressure*It is defined as the sum of Atmospheric Pressure and Gauge Pressure. In the case of Vacuums, theGauge Pressureis minus, and then the Absolute Pressure will be, Atmospheric Pressure minus Gauge Pressure.If the Pressure Intensity at a point is more than the Local Atmospheric Pressure,the differencein these two Pressure Intensity is called “Positive Gauge Pressure”. However, if the Pressure intensity at a point is less than the Local Atmospheric Pressure, the difference in these two Pressure Intensity is called “Negative Gauge Pressure or Vacuum Pressure”.

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